Text size :
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 06th March 2019 – The Attorney General's Chambers held its first blood donation drive at the Law and Court Building in the Capital yesterday. In addition to building blood reserves for the Blood Donation Centre of the Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Hospital, the Attorney General's Chambers also raised awareness on the importance of blood donation for saving lives, and the benefits of blood donation in improving health. Blood transfusion is much needed for women with pregnancy complications, during or after childbirth, and many complex medical and surgical procedures and cancer patients. The blood donation drive reached its target of having a total of 60 blood donors. The donors comprised of the officers and staffs from the Attorney General's Chambers and the Judiciary Department as well as members of the public.
The blood donation drive was organized by the Attorney General's Chambers Outreach team, a committee recently established with the support of the Attorney General. With the tagline "AGC is A Caring Community", the AGC Outreach team aim to foster a culture of Volunteerism amongst its staff through charitable works, as well as instill a sense of duty to a bigger Bruneian Community. The AGC Outreach team also hopes to inspire other government agencies and the larger Bruneian community to adopt a culture of Volunteerism and be actively involved in activities that make positive social impact.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 26th February 2019 – The Honourable Attorney General, Dato Paduka Hairul Arni bin Abdul Majid, received a courtesy call from the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to Brunei Darussalam, His Excellency Emad A.S Al Muhanna, at the Law Building.
During the courtesy call, the Honourable Attorney General and His Excellency re-affirmed the strong existing ties between the two countries of Brunei Darussalam and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and discussed ways on strengthening cooperation between the two countries. The Honourable Attorney General highlighted the good relations that the Attorney General Chambers has with the Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to Brunei Darussalam. His Excellency Emad A.S Al Muhanna then extended the warm wishes of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Minister of Justice.
Also present during the courtesy call were senior officers of the Attorney General's Chambers.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 20th February 2019 – The Honourable Solicitor General, Dayang Zuraini Binti Haji Sharbawi, received a courtesy call from the President of ASEAN Law Association (ALA), Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon, at the Law Building yesterday.
During the courtesy call, the Honourable Solicitor General and Chief Justice exchanged views on various issues of common interest. Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon took the opportunity to touch base with ALA Brunei National Committee on his proposed plans during his three year term as the President of ALA. Some of these plans include improving connectivity between ALA and other ASEAN bodies, mainly the ASEAN Secretariat, as a strong legal resource. The Chief Justice shared his plans for promoting awareness on ALA's work and programmes amongst the ASEAN legal professionals and the youth including law students and graduates, including the establishment of a reliable and online portal for disseminating information on possible legal training and internships offered by international law firms and Chambers.
Chief Justice Menon also informed of an upcoming ALA event including the launch of the ASEAN Law Institute in Manila, Philippines in April this year.
The Honourable Solicitor General welcomed Chief Justice Menon's proposals, and expressed interest in using ALA as a platform to curate quality legal training for local legal professionals. She also provided a brief background on current developments in Brunei's legal profession. The Courtesy Visit serves as an affirmed renewal of close cooperation through ALA Platform.
Also present during the courtesy call were senior officers of the Attorney General's Chambers.
The Attorney General's Chambers has successfully delivered a two-day Presentation on "Understanding the Law: Roles and Responsibilities of the Government" at the Dewan Jubli Emas, The Law and Courts Building, on Saturday 16th February 2019 and Monday 18th February 2019. The Presentation was attended by about 90 Senior Government Officers from various Ministries, Departments and Statutory Bodies who are involved in the formulation and implementation of their respective policy as well as officers from the Attorney General's Chambers.An array of topics were presented which included considerations to be taken into account when formulating policy. The Presentation stressed the importance of taking a whole of Government approach and collaboration amongst stakeholders in the policy making process to ensure objectives of the policies are achieved. Also discussed are Law Making Process, Practical Approach in preparing Initial Draft, factors in Failures of Legislation in achieving its Objectives, Exercising the Law and Limits of Exercising Powers under the Law.
The Presentation also highlighted that introducing new laws is not necessarily the answer to achieve the policy objective, but the enforcement and strategic implementation of the existing law might be the answer to the issues at hand and this includes continuous training of the public officers.For the first time, the Presentation also included explanation on how to use the Legislation-on-line available in the Attorney General's Chambers website and teaches the participants from the Government agencies and statutory bodies on how to update the laws within their purview.The Presentation served as a platform for public officers and officers from other agencies to realise the importance of working together with the Attorney General's Chambers in achieving their objectives towards upholding the rule of law in the long run.
The two days Presentation concluded with the presentation of certificates to the participants by Yang Mulia Dayang Zuraini binti Hj Sharbawi, the Solicitor General.
To access Presentation Slides click here.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Thursday, 1st December 2018 - The Attorney General's Chambers today held the Maulud Celebration of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam for year 1440 Hijrah/2018 Masihi at the Law and Court Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha today.
Present as guest of honor at the event was Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Awang Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abd Majid. Also present were the Solicitor General, Yang Mulia Zuraini Binti Haji Sharbawi as well as the officers and staff of Attorney General's Chambers.
The ceremony commenced with the recitation of the Surah Al-Fatihah and continued with the recitation of the Holy Quran's verses delivered by Yang Mulia Pengiran Mohd Adibul Amin bin Pengiran Haji Marjuki.
The ceremony was followed with a special talk entitled "Tarbiyah Rasulullah Bring Rahmat in Family" delivered by the invited speaker from Kolej Universiti Pergurusan Ugama Suri Begawan, Yang Mulia Ustaz Dr Haji Noralizam bin Haji Aliakbar, The Director of the Core Education Centre. The event followed by the recital of Dikir Marhaban by the officers and staff of Attorney General's Chambers.
The event organized by the Jawatankuasa Acara-Acara Keagamaan Pejabat Peguam Negara annual activity to commemorate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to uphold and spread the Syiar of Islam.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 5th December 2018 – The Attorney General, the Honourable Dato Paduka Hairol Arni bin Abdul Majid, received a courtesy call from Mr. Yury Fedotov, the Executive Director of The United Nations Office On Drugs And Crime (UNODC).
During the courtesy call, the Honourable Attorney General and Mr. Yury Fedotov exchanged views concerning the combating of transnational crime as well as discussed ways to strengthen cooperation in addressing the phenomenon.
Also present during the courtesy call were Senior officers of the Attorney General's Chambers.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Saturday, 15 September 2018 – The Attorney General's Chambers held a ceremony to commemorate the new Islamic year 1440 Hijrah this afternoon at the Law and Court Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha.
Present as the Guest of Honor was the Honourable Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abd Majid. Also present was the Solicitor General, Yang Mulia Zuraini binti Haji Sharbawi, senior officers, officers and staff at the Attorney General's Chambers.
The event began with the recital of Surah Al-Fatihah followed by the recital of verses of Holy Al-Quran by Yang Mulia Hajah 'Adzimah Mukarramah binti Haji Salleh with insights read by Hajah Noorba'eyah binti Haji Yahya. The event then proceeded with a welcoming remark by the co-chair of the committee, Yang Mulia Riana Dewi binti Haji Aji, Deputy Senior Counsel followed by a speech by the Guest of Honor, the Honourable Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abd Majid.
The highlight of the event was a special talk entitled 'Ilmu dan Amal Nadi Wawasan Negara' delivered by Ustaz Muskrisman Safari bin Haji Mustapha, Islamic Development Officer from Islamic Propagation Centre as the invited speaker for the ceremony.
The ceremony then proceeded with the recital of Zikir Marhaban to welcome officers of the Attorney General's Chambers who had recently returned from the Hajj pilgrimage and ended with the recital of doa selamat.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 15th August 2018 – The 11th China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference has culminated in the signing of a joint declaration by the Prosecutors-General of ASEAN and China. The signing ceremony took place at the Songket Ballroom of the Rizqun International Hotel, Brunei Darussalam.
In his closing remarks, the Honourable Attorney General of Brunei Darussalam Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Awang Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abdul Majid, stated that this year's Conference convened under the theme, "Enhancing Capabilities and Cooperation in Addressing Cybercrime" could not have been organized at a better and opportune time than now where the threat from cybercrime is multi-dimensional, targeting citizens, businesses and governments alike at a rapidly growing rate. He further stated that Conferences like this provide a vital opportunity for our nations to agree on practical steps to improve l cooperation and represent a substantial demonstration of regional cooperation and reiteration of ASEAN and China's common interest to suppress cybercrime.
Through the Joint declaration, the Prosecutors-General of ASEAN member states and China reaffirmed their strong commitment to working closely together to address cybercrime and cybersecurity related threats as well as other transnational organised crimes at both national and regional levels.
The Prosecutors-General declared their agreement to formulate, improve and strengthen measures relating to the fight against transnational crime, especially cybercrime, through various measures including working with their respective domestic agencies to improve procedures for cybercrime investigations, the handling of electronic evidence as well as measures protecting children against online sexual violence and to evaluate the effectiveness of such measures on a regular basis. They also agreed to enhance the specialisation of prosecutors and consider the establishment of specialised prosecution units to guide or assist other prosecutors in cases involving cybercrime and electronic evidence in their own countries.
The Prosecutors-General also agreed to further explore initiatives for the purpose of strengthening the capacity of prosecutors in handling transnational crimes, including the exchange of prosecutors, training of prosecutors and sharing of experience and expertise in implementing and enforcing laws and measures to combat cybercrime and cybersecurity threats as well as agree to strengthen cooperation with local law enforcement agencies as well as the private sector in their own countries in order to ensure an effective criminal justice response against cybercrime.
In addition to this, the Prosecutors-General were also in agreement of the need to emphasise greater awareness of cybercrime and its associated risks and made a commitment to create more awareness and a better understanding of cybercrime threats through providing public information, especially to children and the younger generation.
The Joint declaration also emphasizes the important role played by the China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference since its inception in 2004 in combatting transnational crime, protecting social welfare and upholding national stability, thus contributing to promoting ASEAN-China relations as well as regional and international peace, stability and prosperity. The Joint Declaration further noted the increasing importance accorded by ASEAN to addressing cybercrime and cybersecurity related issues through various ASEAN mechanisms as well as the continued efforts of international organisations such as the International Association of Prosecutor (IAP) and its sub organisation Global Prosecutor E-crime Network (GPEN), the International Police Organization (INTERPOL) and the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), to tackle the scourge of cybercrime through coordination, international cooperation and capacity building initiatives.
The Honourable Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Awang Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abdul Majid signed the joint declaration together with H.E. Mr Zhang Jun, Prosecutor General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate of the People's Republic of China, H.E Madam Chea Leang, Prosecutor General of the Kingdom of Cambodia, H.E Dr Arminsyah, Vice Attorney General of the Republic of Indonesia, H.E. Mr. Xaysana Khotphouthone, Deputy Supreme People's Prosecutor of the Lao People's Democratic Republic, H.E. Datin Paduka Zauyah Be binti T. Loth Khan, Solicitor General II of Malaysia, H.E. Mr. U Win Myint, Deputy Attorney General of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, H.E. Mr. Lucien Wong, S.C, Attorney-General of the Republic of Singapore, H.E. Mr. Nattachak Pattamsingh na Ayuthaya, Inspector General, Office of Attorney General of the Kingdom of Thailand and H.E. Dr Tran Cong Phan, Deputy Prosecutor General of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Opening Ceremony of 11th China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference
Sharing Of Best Practices The Focus Of The 11th China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 14th August 2018 – The Prosecutors-General of ASEAN and China have begun discussions focused on the sharing of best practices to address the challenges emerging from the prevalence of cybercrime at the 11th China-ASEAN Prosecutors General Conference. The two day meeting is currently being held at the Rizqun International Hotel, Brunei Darussalam.
Initiating discussions at the start of the meeting, the Honourable Attorney General of Brunei Darussalam, Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Awang Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abdul Majid as Chairperson of the Conference, informed the meeting, that theme "Enhancing Capabilities and Cooperation in Addressing Cybercrime" was selected due to cybercrime's increasing effects on our society which can have negative consequences. He further expressed hope that the deliberations and discussions during the Conference would allow countries, in particular, prosecutors to derive best practices from each other in our effort to constantly improve existing mechanisms as well as to advocate and formulate new measures which are practical and efficient to address transnational crime.
Following on from this, H.E. Mr Zhang Jun, Prosecutor General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate of the People's Republic of China, in his welcoming remarks as co-chair expressed his gratitude to the Government of Brunei Darussalam for the hosting of the Conference. He stated that 2018 marks the 15th anniversary of "Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity" between China and ASEAN where both sides have adhered to the themes of cooperation and development. He further stated that the China-ASEAN Prosecutor-General conference mechanism had brought ASEAN member states and China closer together as well as noted the milestones achieved such as the setting up of the "China-ASEAN Prosecutor General Conference Official Website" and the establishment of the "Training Base for China-ASEAN Prosecutors" which has been set up in Guangxi province of China. He further encouraged continued use of the mechanism through the deepening of high-level exchange visits, judiciary assistance in criminal cases and direct cooperation among prosecutorial organs in border regions to stamp out transnational crime to make stronger contributions to regional peace and stability and common prosperity. In commenting on the theme of the Conference, H.E. Mr Zhang Jun stated that Cybercrime remains "an arduous challenge for all countries in the world" and that it is the "obligatory social responsibility" for prosecutorial organs to crack down on cybercrime and protect information security. He also urged the delegates of the Conference to continue to break through traditional modes of legal cooperation in order to more effectively fight cybercrime.
The first day of the Conference saw several key-note speeches delivered by Heads of Delegations of the China-ASEAN region as well as representatives from Hong Kong and Macau. Brunei Darussalam's Key-Note Speech which was delivered by Yang Mulia Dayang Zuraini binti Haji Sharbawi, Solicitor General and Head of the delegation of Brunei Darussalam highlighted the pressing need to "formulate appropriate and innovative ways to combat cybercrime and to ensure that perpetrators do not get away with circumventing the laws and regulations", especially given the rise in cyber-attacks on institutions and businesses as well as the increased use of social media to breed extremism and terrorism. In addition to the various initiatives taken by the Government of Brunei Darussalam, in particular the Attorney General's Chambers, in addressing cybercrime, she also informed the Conference that countries need to better combat the phenomenon through effective legislation concerning data preservation, the use of informal networks in order to facilitate international cooperation as well as increasing information sharing amongst each other.
In the evening, the Honourable Attorney General of Brunei Darussalam, Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Awang Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abdul Majid hosted a gala dinner which was accompanied by traditional performances showcasing the cultural heritage of Brunei Darussalam. The Conference continues tomorrow, 15th August 2018.
Prosecutors-General Conclude 11th China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference by Signing Joint Declaration
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 14th August 2018 – Countries must be vigilant against new cyber threats that are constantly emerging. These include the increase in fraud and money laundering carried out through online technology, the use of the internet and social media by terrorists and extremists to spread their propaganda and facilitate recruitment and the proliferation of misinformation and confusion through "fake news" as this would endanger social cohesion and affect national security.
This was highlighted by Yang Berhormat Dato Seri Setia Haji Awang Abdul Mokti Bin Haji Mohd Daud, Minister at the Prime Minister's Office who was the Guest of Honour on the occasion of the opening of the 11th China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference (11th CAPGC). The 11th CAPGC is currently being hosted by the Attorney General's Chambers of Brunei Darussalam from 14th- 15th August 2018 at the Rizqun International Hotel, Brunei Darussalam and is convened under the theme "Enhancing Capabilities and Cooperation in Addressing Cybercrime".
In his remarks at the opening ceremony of the 11th CAPGC, Yang Berhormat Dato Seri Setia Haji Awang Abdul Mokti stated that crime in cyberspace continues to be attractive because of its swift, anonymous and borderless nature. He stated that fake news is a "threat not only to the government but also to society's trust in each other" and also remarked that "our biggest challenge is to guarantee the credibility and reliability of the sources of information" commenting that "human creativity has been exploited to distort the truth and create false stories with the aim to deliberately misinform the public for various interests and purposes". To counter this, the Minister advocated the need for education on all levels on the responsible use of digital technology, the enhancement of data security to ensure that the public becomes less liable to become victims of internet scams as well as the need for a "Collective ASEAN Way" to engage media providers since ASEAN can leverage on established communication links to combat the misuse and abuse of data.
The Minister stated that Brunei Darussalam continues to takes the threat of cybercrime very seriously and continues to undertake significant efforts in order to ensure the protection of its nation and population. Outlining several national efforts, including the establishment of the Brunei Darussalam National Cyber Security Framework in 2017 and the fact that Brunei Darussalam became the first country in the region to establish a Child Online Protection Framework the Minister also stated that "a strong legal framework in any national strategy to address cybercrime is vital" and commended the Attorney General's Chambers on its various efforts to combat cybercrime such as the establishment of the AGC's Cybercrime Focus Group and continuing awareness talks delivered by officers of the Chambers aimed at educating the younger generation and disseminating preventive messages. In confronting the challenges faced by cybercrime, the Minister also stated that it is important not to underestimate the role of education in the combatting of cybercrime.
In his Opening Remarks preceding the Guest of Honor, the Honourable Attorney General of Brunei Darussalam, Yang Berhormat Dato Paduka Awang Haji Hairol Arni bin Haji Abdul Majid stated that the Attorney General's Chambers has been active in ensuring that appropriate legal measures are in place to deal with any issues pertaining to transnational crimes, including cybercrime as well as ensuring that perpetrators are brought to justice. He stated that since 2011, 14 offences related to cybercrime in particular those related to social media such as defamation, spreading of false information and uploading of obscene media on various social media platforms have been successfully prosecuted in court. He also stated that as part of the Criminal Justice Division's ongoing efforts to deal with cases of social media offending justly and efficiently, that the Chambers developed guidelines in January 2017,
The Honourable Attorney General also mentioned that in order for the legal frameworks governing cybercrime to be strong and robust that they need to be supported by capable human capital and resources and also emphasised the need to cultivate the necessary experts in order to be in the forefront of the fight against transnational crime.
The 11th CAPGC meeting is attended by Prosecutors-General, Deputy Prosecutors-General and Senior Prosecutors from ASEAN member states, China as well as the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong and Special Administrative Region of Macau.
The China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference is a regional cooperation mechanism in the prosecutorial fields which is sponsored by the Supreme People's Procuratorate of the People's Republic of China. Since its establishment in 2004, the China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference is committed to promote the capacity-building of prosecutorial organs in combating crimes, protecting welfare and maintaining peace and stability in the China-ASEAN region.
General’s Chambers held a “Majlis Berhari Raya
Bersama Yang Berhormat Peguam Negara” gathering at the Laws and Courts
Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha today.
Hosting the Hari Raya gathering was Datin Seri Paduka
Hajah Hayati binti Pehin Orang Kaya Shahbandar Dato Seri Paduka Haji Mohd
Salleh, the Honourable Attorney General.
was the Solicitor General Yang
Mulia Haji Mohd Yusree bin Haji Junaidi as well as senior officers,
officers and staff of Attorney General’s Chambers.
objectives of Hari Raya gathering held is to meet and greet, seek forgiveness
and also forge closer ties amongst the officer and staff of the Attorney
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Thursday, 07th June 2018 – In conjuction with Ramadhan Al-Mubarak 1439/2018, the Attorney General's Chambers held Khatam Al-Quran ceremony at the Law and Court Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha to commemorate this special event.
Present as the guest of the honour at the event was the Solicitor General, Yang Mulia Haji Mohd Yusree bin Haji Junaidi. Also present Yang Mulia Datin Nurhayana Janis binti Abdullah Lim, the spouse of the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports and also senior officers, officers and staffs at the Attorney General's Chambers.
The ceremony began with the recital of Surah Al-Fatihah was led by Yang Mulia Awang Muhammad Adi Faisal bin Haji Omar followed by the reading of Qur'an verses and takhtim.
In conjuction with the upcoming month of Ramadhan, Attorney General's Chambers held cemetery cleaning campaign and recital of Tahlil which was jointly organised with Judiciary Department on 10th May 2018 at a Muslim cemetery in Kampong Limbungan, Batu Satu, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha. The event began with cleaning campaign and followed by the recitation of Tahlil. The event was followed with the presentation of wakaf in the form of grass cutter machine and leaf blower and also other items for the use of cleaning cemetery in which presented to Building and Maintenance Division, Ministry of Religious Affair.
In order to enliven the holy month of Ramadhan this year, the Attorney General's Chambers held daily Tadarus activity throughout the Ramadhan before start daily work. Also held a special talk in conjuction with Ramadhan Al-Mubarak on 26th May 2018 at Law and Court Building titled "Amalan Bersedekah dan Amalan Membazir di Bulan Ramadhan" was delivered by the invited speaker from Islamic Propagation Centre Ustaz Haji Ismuhadi bin Haji Abdullah present by senior officers, officers and staffs at the Attorney General's Chambers.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Saturday, 12th May 2018 - The Attorney General's Chambers organised the National Seminar on Awareness Building on Digital Copyright and Related Rights: 'Tapping on the New Techs and Apps: Opportunities and Challenges' at the Golden Jubilee Hall of the Law and Courts Building.
The Seminar aims to increase awareness on the recent development and enforcement of digital copyright and related rights in Brunei Darussalam and the challenges faced by local creators in protecting their copyrighted works particularly with regards to online publishing and online social media. The Seminar included presentations from experiences of local creators, enforcement in Brunei Darussalam, the meaning and effect of moral rights and most importantly developments in copyright and related rights. The Seminar further heard representative of the World Intellectual Property Organization who presented on recent developments in international protection of copyright and related rights.
In her welcoming address, the Assistant Solicitor General, Yang Mulia Dyg Hajah Nor Hashimah binti Hj Md Taib acknowledged Brunei Darussalam's recent membership to the WIPO Copyright Treaty and WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty in 2017. Also commonly known as the Internet Treaties. She further noted that the increase in the use of social media by the public such as entrepreneurs, aspiring artists, agencies, journalists, has given rise to the need to extend the promotion and protection of the copyright and related rights in this digital era. This new development in the dissemination of works via the Internet or any other form of digital media raises new questions concerning copyright and related rights. In particular issues related to the enforcement of those rights. With that in mind it is hoped that the Seminar would be able to give further insight into the issues and challenges but also opportunities available.
The Seminar concluded with a roundtable discussion on the practical experience of digital copyright and related rights by copyright owners in Brunei Darussalam.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Saturday, 21 April 2018 – In conjunction with the Israk Mikraj Celebration, the Attorney General's Chambers held a ceremony this afternoon at the Law and Court Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha to commemorate this special event.
Present as the guest of honour at the event was the Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti Pehin Orang kaya Shahbandar Dato Seri Paduka Haji Mohd. Salleh. Also present was the Solicitor General, Yang Mulia Awang Haji Muhd Yusree bin Haji Junaidi as well as senior officers, officers and staff of Attorney General's Chambers.
A special talk titled 'Sembahyang Berjemaah Meraih Berkat' was delivered by the invited speaker from Al-Minhaaj Centre, Ustazah Zati Hanani Binti Dato Seri Setia Hj Rajid. The ceremony was then followed by the presentation of souvenir in appreciation of excellent service by Yang Berhormat the Attorney General to an employee of the Attorney General's Chambers that has retired.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 12th April 2018 –
The Attorney General, the Honourable Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti
POKSDSP Haji Mohd Salleh, received a courtesy call from the Managing Director
of Brunei Shell Petroleum Sendirian Berhad (BSP), Dr. Ceri M Powell, at the Law
During the courtesy call, the Honourable Attorney
General and Dr. Powell exchanged views on the existing cooperation between the
Government of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam
and BSP, including recent efforts in developing local expertise and talent in
the industry. Dr. Powell also expressed her appreciation for the role and contribution
of the Attorney General’s Chambers in the oil and gas industry over the
Also present during the courtesy call were senior
officers of the Attorney General's Chambers.
The Criminal Justice Division of the Attorney General's Chambers held a dialogue session with prosecutors from law enforcement agencies and statutory bodies on Saturday, 3 March 2018 at the Golden Jubilee Hall of the Law and Courts Building.
The dialogue, held specifically for officers of law enforcement agencies and statutory bodies who prosecute on behalf of the Public Prosecutor, with the objectives of reiterating the importance of their role in the criminal justice system; enhancing the existing working relationship between the Criminal Justice Division and other law enforcement agencies and statutory bodies; and providing a platform for prosecutors from law enforcement agencies and statutory bodies to exchange views, concerns, challenges and best practices in order for them to efficiently discharge their role as prosecutors appointed by the Public Prosecutor. The dialogue was attended by representatives from the Department of Immigration and National Registration, Narcotics Control Bureau, Royal Customs and Excise Department, Royal Brunei Police Force, Department of Labour and the Employees Trust Fund (TAP).
In her opening remarks, the Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti Pehin Orang Kaya Shahbandar Dato Seri Paduka Haji Mohd Salleh emphasised that while prosecutors face various challenges such as the handling and presentation of evidence and handling witnesses, they must always strive to uphold the integrity of being a prosecutor and to provide the highest quality legal services for His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan and His Majesty's Government. The Attorney General expressed her appreciation for the ongoing efforts of all prosecuting officers to uphold justice in the criminal justice system in Brunei Darussalam through unwavering commitment, dedication and carrying out their duties with the utmost honesty, integrity and professionalism. The Attorney General also reiterated that these qualities were in line with His Majesty's titah during the 24th Civil Service Day, stating, "good public servants are those who serve honestly and sincerely"
As part of the dialogue, Senior Deputy Public Prosecutors of the Attorney General's Chambers and Senior Magistrates from the Subordinate Courts also shared their views and opinions on best practices for the efficient and effective conduct of prosecutions.
The dialogue, the first of its kind, was organised as part of the Criminal Justice Division's ongoing efforts to increase the standards of efficiency and effectiveness of prosecutions in Brunei Darussalam as well as to further strengthen the cooperation amongst Deputy Public Prosecutors in the Attorney General's Chambers and their law enforcement counterparts, in fulfilment of the Attorney General's Chambers vision to be the highest quality legal service provider for His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam and His Majesty's Government.
A team of prosecutors from the Criminal Justice Division of the
Attorney General’s Chambers conducted talks to Stella’s School as part of their
efforts to educate the youth of Brunei Darussalam of cybercrime and the
importance of Internet safety.
The talk, which was entitled ‘Cybercrime and the Risks and Dangers
of Social Media’, was delivered over two sessions to the Year 6 students of
Stella’s School. A total of over 100 students attended the two talks delivered
by Deputy Public Prosecutors Hjh Rozaimah binti Hj Abdul Rahman, Siti
Nurjauinah binti Hj Kula, Sharon Yeo and Dk Hazirah Pg Mohd Yusof.
The talk was tailored to cover areas of cybercrime that may involve
children and teenagers including cyber bullying, online blackmailing and the
spreading of unverified messages. Real examples of cases that have been brought
to the Courts of Brunei Darussalam were also given during the talk to highlight
that such incidents can occur in our nation. The speakers also educated their
young audience of the consequences of befriending strangers online whose true
intentions may be unbeknownst to them until it is too late. It was highlighted
to the students how easily someone can pose as another person online and that
the information or personal media they share can be taken advantage of by
criminals lurking on cyber space. The students were advised to avoid disclosing
personal information online and to immediately inform a guardian or teacher of
any concerns they may have.
Following the talks, the students were given the opportunity to ask
the speakers questions. The speakers left the students with the important
message to ‘Think Before You Post’.
The Criminal Justice Division of the Attorney General’s Chambers
invites schools and educational institutions to contact the chambers if they
are interested in holding such talks in the future. Requests for such talks
should be addressed to the Criminal Justice Division, Attorney General’s
Chambers, the Law and Courts Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah
Saleha, Bandar Seri Begawan BA 1910 Brunei Darussalam.
Justice Division of the Attorney General’s Chambers continues its efforts to
raise public awareness, particularly among teenagers, on the risks and dangers
of technology and social media in a briefing to an audience of 100 Year 7
students at the Student Learning Centre, Rimba II Secondary School. The briefing
was organised by the Student Faculty, Academy of Brunei Studies, Universiti
Brunei Darussalam, in cooperation with Rimba II Secondary School.
entitled ‘Cybercrime and the Risks and Dangers of Social Media’ was delivered as
part of the briefing by Deputy Public Prosecutors, Siti Nurjauinah Hj Kula, Nurul
Fitri Kiprawi, Nor’adliatul Hidayah Hj Mohd Zaidi and Pg Nor’ Azmeena Pg Hj
Mohiddin. The speakers covered various issues associated with the use of social
media such as cyber bullying and the prevalence of online scamming and
blackmailing. One of the highlighted topics was the sharing of personal information
online, which could be easily exploited by cyber criminals in order to commit
offences. The audience was reminded to be weary of who they communicated with on
the internet and to exercise caution before posting or sharing personal
information about themselves as well as others.
was also briefed on several cybercrime cases that have been prosecuted in
Brunei Darussalam including those which resulted from spreading false information
about others and forwarding viral messages. The presentation was then followed
by a question and answer session, which covered issues such as Brunei
Darussalam’s relevant laws and the penalties for related offences. Students
were advised not to believe everything they receive online and through social
media, and to try and ascertain the accuracy and credibility of information
through official sources before sharing.
Justice Division of the Attorney General’s Chambers invites interested agencies,
schools and educational institutions to contact the Chambers if they are
interested in holding similar briefings in the future. Requests for such briefings
should be addressed to the Criminal Justice Division, Attorney General’s
Chambers, the Law and Courts Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha,
Bandar Seri Begawan, BA1910, Brunei Darussalam.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 22nd January 2018 – The Attorney General, the Honorable Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti POKSDSP Haji Mohd Salleh, received a courtesy call President of Law Society Brunei Darussalam Mr On Hung Zheng at the Law Building today.
During the courtesy call, The Honorable Attorney General and the President discussed areas of mutual interest in particular, to consider ways to enhance further the quality of legal services in Brunei Darussalam, consider possible areas of cooperation.
They also discussed ways to ensure people of limited financial means would have access to legal advice. In that regard, the Honorable Attorney General welcomed the Law Society's plans to conduct a legal advice clinic for these people, which will begin on 27th Jan 2018 at the Law and Subordinate Courts Building.
Also present during the courtesy call were the Vice President of the Law Society, YM Pg Izad-Ryan PLKDR Pg Hj Bahrin and senior officers of the Attorney General's Chambers.
The Criminal Justice Division of the Attorney General's Chambers has successfully organized an Orientation session for Law Enforcement Officers on the Criminal Justice System, focusing on how they can be effective in giving evidence in Court. The one day session aimed at law enforcement officers and personnel with little or no experience in giving evidence in court, took place in the Jubilee Emas Hall of the Law and Courts Building and is an initiative by the Criminal Justice Division to impart knowledge on to the Law Enforcement community in an effort to increase the standards of efficiency and effectiveness of prosecutions in Negara Brunei Darussalam as well as to strengthen networking amongst Deputy Public Prosecutors and their law enforcement counterparts.
In her opening remarks, the Acting Assistant Solicitor General, Dyg Aldila Hj Mohd Salleh emphasised the important and crucial role that law enforcement officers play as witnesses in the court process as the success or failure of any criminal prosecution is contingent on the quality of evidence provided by them as witnesses. She further stressed to the participants in discharging this important responsibility that officers from law enforcement must be credible and convincing in giving evidence to ensure justice is served. Officers and personnel were reminded that mistakes when giving evidence during a trial may adversely affect a prosecution causing a criminal to walk free. The Acting Assistant Solicitor General also focused on the need for those in law enforcement to be fair, impartial and honest in the constant discharge of their duties in line with the titah of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di Pertuan of Negara Brunei Darussalam delivered on the occasion of the 24th Civil Service Day Celebration on 22nd November 2017 whereby His Majesty stated that "Good public servants are those who serve honestly and sincerely, and not who are efficient but disloyal."
The session also saw the launching of a Criminal Justice Division publication entitled "Guide to Being A Witness in Court" which has been issued in both Bahasa Melayu and English versions which are available for perusal at the AGC website at www.agc.gov.bn
The session which involved lectures from senior Deputy Public Prosecutors on basic knowledge to do with giving evidence in court also incorporated practical components such as demonstrations in a real life court room to provide participants with added value to their training.
The workshop which was organized in fulfilment of the Attorney General's Chambers vision to be the highest quality legal service provider for His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam and the Government of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam concluded with the presentation of certificates of participation to 50 participants from various law enforcement agencies.
E-copy of Guide to Being A Witness in Court
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Thursday, 21th December 2017 – The Attorney General's Chambers held a Maulidur Rasul celebration at the Law and Courts Building at Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha today.
Present as the guest of honour at the event was the Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti Pehin Orang kaya Shahbandar Dato Seri Paduka Haji Mohd. Salleh. Also present were the Solicitor General, Yang Mulia Haji Mohd Yusree bin Hj Junaidi as well as the officers and staff of the Attorney General's Chambers.
The highlight of the event was recital of Ratib Al-Attas and the event followed by the recital of dikir by the officers and staff of Attorney General's Chambers.
The event which was organized by the Jawatankuasa Acara-Acara Keagamaan Pejabat Peguam Negara is one of the Attorney General Chambers annual activity to commemorate the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to uphold and spread the Syiar of Islam.
General of Brunei Darussalam, Yang Berhormat Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati
binti POKSDSP Haji Mohd Salleh, led a delegation from the Attorney General’s
Chambers of Brunei Darussalam to the 8th Event of the Attorney
General’s Chambers of Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore which was hosted
by the Attorney General’s Chambers of Malaysia. Delegates from the Attorney General’s
Chambers of Malaysia was led by the Attorney General, Hon. Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Haji
Mohamed Apandi bin Haji Ali whereas the Attorney General’s Chambers of
Singapore was led by the Attorney General, Hon. Mr. Lucien Wong, SC.
During the Officiating
Ceremony of the 8th Event, the Hon. Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Hj Mohamed
Apandi, the Attorney General of Malaysia recognised the strong cooperation and
ties among the three Attorney General’s Chambers. He further acknowledged the similarities that
exist among the three Attorney General’s Chambers and the common objectives that
are shared amongst them. He added that in
the context of the world today where issues faced are beyond the traditional
and conventional legal issues, legal officers need not only be equipped with
the necessary knowledge, but also be kept abreast of the latest developments of
the law and other potential areas that require legal and regulatory
intervention. To excel as legal advisers, they must be aware and give
cognisance to the legal issues being deliberated in other jurisdictions as well
as in other international forums.
Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department, YBhg. Dato’ Sri Azalina Dato’ Othman
Said, delivered the keynote address for the Officiating Event. She recognised the importance of the three
Attorney General’s Chambers’ to continue to build on the rapport that they have
nurtured for so many years in furthering their greater tri-nation agenda. The gathering of officers from the three
Attorney General’s Chambers serves as an important forum for the exchange of
knowledge in law and practice, particularly in areas which the participating
countries have common interests and to provide a platform for interaction and
networking among the officers at different levels of experience and of diverse
areas of expertise. YBhg. Dato’ Sri
Azalina further added that the fact that this Event is the 8th Event
is testament to the relationship which has developed not just among the
Attorney General’s Chambers of Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore, but
also to the 3 countries’ tight diplomatic relations.
The Event heard from speakers from all of the 3
Attorney Generals’ Chambers
who deliberated on topics of mutual legal interest, relating to legislative
drafting, international trade and the prosecution approaches to the social
media. In addition to the
presentation of papers the Attorney Generals for the 3 countries and their
respective delegation also took part in a bonding sessions organised by the
host country. These sessions involved
team-building activities, which is meant to enhance further the relationships
between the 3 AGCs.
of Attorney General’s Chambers of Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore
began in 2006 is held every 2 years. The
close relationship among the 3 AGCs have benefited officers by enabling them to
participate in attachment programs, workshops and in-house training organised by the respective AGCs.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 25th November 2017 – The Attorney General, the Honourable Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti POKSDSP Haji Mohd Salleh, received a courtesy call from the Prosecutor General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate of People's Republic of China, His Excellency Cao Jianming at the Law Building today.
During the courtesy call, The Honourable Attorney General and His Excellency acknowledged the long-standing relationship and close cooperation between both sides and discussed ways to enhance cooperation especially under the Memorandum of Understanding in the field of legal cooperation signed in 2002 between the Attorney General's Chambers of Brunei Darussalam and the Supreme People's Prosecution Services of the People's Republic of China.
In addition, the Honourable Attorney General and His Excellency also discussed on the China ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference which serves as forum for high level dialogue to discuss and formulate policy to combat transnational crimes and on the opportunities for further cooperation between the two countries under the forum. Both sides also discussed the preparation for the China-ASEAN Prosecutors-General Conference which will be hosted by Brunei Darussalam in August next year.
The Honourable Attorney General and His Excellency then issued a Joint Statement in further enhancing cooperation between both sides. The Joint Statement among others reiterates the importance of strengthening legal cooperation, particularly in the field of prosecution, undertakes to enhance the exchange of visits and provide assistance in matters of mutual interest; exchange of experiences; sharing of legal materials, prosecutorial work information and legal publication. The Joint Statement also expressed the commitment of both sides to fully utilize the China-ASEAN Prosecutor's Exchange and Training Base in strengthening exchange and training for the prosecutors of both countries.
Also present during the courtesy call were the senior officials from both sides.
In the evening, a dinner reception in conjuction with the visit of His Excellency was held at the Rizqun International Hotel and hosted by the Honourable Attorney General. Also present at the dinner reception were the Ambassador of the People's Republic of China to Brunei Darussalam, Her Excellency Yang Jian and the Permanent Secretary of the Prime Minister's Office, Yang Mulia Datin Hajah Elinda binti Haji C.A Mohamed and senior officials of both countries.
Photo Gallery [Album 1][Album 2][Album 3][Album 4][Album 5][Album 6][Album 7]
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 22nd November 2017 – The Attorney General, the Honourable Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti POKSDSP Haji Mohd Salleh, received a courtesy call from Ambassador of Japan, His Excellency Mr. Motohiko Kato, at the Law Building today.
During the courtesy call, the Honorable Attorney General and His Excellency exchanged views on various matters. They acknowledged the important contributions of women in Brunei Darussalam under the wise leadership of His Majesty the Sultan Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, as well as other legal matters such as areas for cooperation between both countries.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, [Saturday, 18th November 2017] – The Attorney General's Chambers has jointly organised a workshop with the Civil Service Institute, titled the "Legislative Drafting Workshop" at the Civil Service Institute on Thursday, 16th November 2017 and today Saturday, 18th November 2017. The Workshop is the first of its kind to be held at the request of public officers who are keen to learn and understand why and how legislation is drafted and interpreted.
The Legislative Drafting Workshop aims to educate public officers on how to read, understand and apply the provisions of the law under their purview and to give clear and effective drafting instructions.
The speakers comprised senior officers from the Legislation and Research Division of the Attorney General's Chambers namely Dyg Norismizan Hj Ismail, Senior Counsel, Dyg Hjh Norazamiah binti Hj Hambali, Acting Senior Counsel, Awg Hj Afif Daraina bin PUKDPSS Ustaz Hj Badaruddin, Deputy Senior Counsel and Dyg Norhasnani binti Tamin, Legal Officer.
The two days workshop concluded with the presentation of certificates to the participants by Yang Mulia Dayang Alice Khan binti Ahmad Khan, Legal Draftsman.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, 15th
November 2017 – The Attorney General, the Honourable Datin Seri Paduka Hajah
Hayati binti POKSDSP Haji Mohd Salleh, received a courtesy call from the
Ambassador of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China, Her Excellency
Madam Yang Jian, at the Law Building today.
During the courtesy call, the Honourable
Attorney General and Her Excellency exchanged views on various legal
developments in both countries as well as discussed potential cooperation
between both countries in the legal field. Her Excellency also acknowledged the
role of the Attorney General’s Chambers in the recent conclusion of legal
documents entered into by both sides.
Also present during the courtesy call were
senior officers of the Attorney General's Chambers.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Monday, 13th November 2017 – In collaboration with the Civil Service Institute, the Attorney General's Chambers held a seminar titled the "Public Officers' Law Seminar: Understand the Law 2017" at the Civil Service Institute on Saturday 11th November 2017 and today 13th November 2017. The Seminar was attended by Senior Government officers from various Ministries and Departments whose duties extend to matters involving law-making, contract management or international treaties or matters dealing with enforcement, within their respective purviews.
The Seminar was first introduced in 2016 and is intended to be held annually. An array of topics were presented which included introduction to the general legal principles relevant to public officers in order to promote an effective performance of their duties in the public service within the bounds of the law. It also served as a platform for networking and sharing of views and experience amongst officers of the Attorney General's Chambers and other public officers. The two days Seminar concluded with the presentation of certificates to the participants by Yang Mulia Dayang Alice Khan binti Ahmad Khan, Acting Solicitor General and Legal Draftsman.
The Honourable Attorney-General of Brunei Darussalam, Yang Berhormat Datin Seri Paduka Hjh Hayati binti Pehin Orang Kaya Shahbandar Dato Seri Paduka Hj Mohd Salleh recently attended the Meeting of the Commonwealth Law Ministers held from 16 to 19 October 2017 in Nassau, The Bahamas. The Brunei delegation included officials from the Attorney General's Chambers.
The Commonwealth Law Ministers Meeting was opened by The Honourable Dr. Hubert A. Minnis, Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, and chaired by the Senator The Honourable Carl Wilshire Bethel QC, Attorney-General and Minister of Legal Affairs of The Bahamas. The theme for the meeting was 'Strengthening the Rule of Law through Technology'.
The event brings together Law Ministers and Attorneys-Generals from the member states of the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth Secretary-General, the Rt Hon Patricia Scotland QC was also in attendance. The Ministerial Meeting was preceded by the Senior Law Officials Meeting, which was held on 16 October 2017 which discussed a wide range of legal issues including the rule of law and sustainable development, climate change, countering violent extremism, international humanitarian law, and child, early and forced marriage. Discussions have also emphasised on the impact of advanced technology on these issues.
Other important discussions included the shift of focus in the work of Commonwealth Law Ministers Meeting from mandate setting, to achieving consensus on global issues, which are also discussed by the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM). The Commonwealth Law Ministers' meetings provides an opportunity to develop consensus for Commonwealth positions on key global issue.
The Secretary–General also took the opportunity to launch the Commonwealth Secretariat's website which is an online knowledge portal that will support member countries by providing access to the laws of all 52 member states. This website is one of a series of products from the Office of Civil and Criminal Justice Reform providing a database of statutes and Commonwealth Model Law.
In her opening remarks, the Secretary-General stressed the importance of technology in opening up "broad new horizons of opportunity, with greater efficiency, accountability and transparency." The Secretary-General also highlighted the importance of legislations in implementing international and national commitments to limit the rise of global temperatures and address climate change. She also referred to the upcoming Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) to be held in 2018 with the theme "Towards a Common Future". She then urged delegates to "seize the potential and opportunity of Commonwealth connection, and build a fairer, more equitable, sustainable, inclusive and prosperous future for all."
The Commonwealth Law Ministers Meeting is held once every 3 years. The scope and content of the agenda items for their meetings range from exchanges of experience and perspectives, to cooperation between Commonwealth countries, to approving model laws and giving direction for work in emerging areas of the law. With the outcome of this meeting Commonwealth Law Ministers have further expanded its focus to discuss legal issues or initiatives of common interest that are related to global issues and consistent with mandate as set by CHOGM.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN, Saturday, 30 September 2017 – The Attorney General's Chambers held a ceremony to commerate the new Islamic year 1439 Hijrah this afternoon at the Law and Court Building, Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha.
The event was graced with the presence of Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Muta-Wakkilah Hayatul Bolkiah binti Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah.
Also present was the Honourable Attorney General, Yang Berhormat Datin Seri Paduka Hajah Hayati binti Pehin Orang Kaya Shahbandar Dato Seri Paduka Haji Mohd. Salleh as well as officers and staff of the Attorney General's Chambers.
The ceremony was followed with a special talk titled 'Kepimpinan Adil Teras Kesejahteraan' delivered by the invited speaker from Islamic Propagation Centre, Ustaz Muhammad Yusri bin Haji Abdul Majid. At the function also include the presentation of souvenirs in appreciation to officer and staff that have retired from the Attorney General Chambers.
The ceremony also included the recital Zikir to welcome the return of 3 officers and staffs of the Attorney General's Chambers from the recently Hajj pilgrimage. Then the ceremony was followed with the 'Doa Kesyukuran' for the 58th Anniversary of the establishment of the Attorney General's Chambers and also thanksgiving of the recipients of Honorary Medal of Brunei Darussalam to 12 officer and staff of the Attorney General's Chambers from His Majesty The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Negara Brunei Darussalam in conjunction with the 71st birthday of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam.
YM Mohd Adi Faisal bin Hj Omar, as Brunei
Darussalam’s Sixth Committee representative to the 72nd Session of
the United Nations General Assembly in New York, United States of America
delivered a National Statement regarding Agenda Item 84 on “The Rule of Law atthe National and International Levels” on the 5th October 2017.
Video on the delivery of the National Statement.
© Copyright 2009 - 2015 Attorney General's Chambers, Prime Minister's Office. All Right Reserved. Powered by IT and E-Government, Prime Minister's Office, Brunei Darussalam